What is the CPV?
The CPV consists of a main vocabulary for defining the subject of a contract, and a supplementary vocabulary for adding further qualitative information.
The main vocabulary is based on a tree structure comprising codes of up to 9 digits (an 8 digit code plus a check digit) associated with a wording that describes the type of supplies, works or services forming the subject of the contract.
- The first two digits identify the divisions (XX000000-Y)
- The first three digits identify the groups (XXX00000-Y)
- The first four digits identify the classes (XXXX0000-Y)
- The first five digits identify the categories (XXXXX000-Y)
Each of the last three digits gives a greater degree of precision within each category.
A ninth digit serves to verify the previous digits.
The supplementary vocabulary may be used to expand the description of the subject of a contract. The items are made up of an alphanumeric code with a corresponding wording allowing further details to be added regarding the specific nature or destination of the goods to be purchased.
The alphanumeric code is made up of:
- a first level comprising a letter corresponding to a section;
- a second level comprising four digits, the first three of which denote a subdivision and the last one being for verification purposes
How to use the CPV
Is the use of the CPV classification mandatory in the standard forms?
The use of the CPV is mandatory in the European Union as from 1 February 2006.
The CPV version 2008 is the current CPV version to:
- Fill the notices of calls for competition
- Search business opportunities in TED
- Find contract notices in the archive of TED
How to fill a notice for a call for competition with the CPV?
Contracting authorities should try to find the code that suits their envisaged purchase as accurately as possible. Although in some occasions contracting authorities may find themselves having to select several codes, it is important that they select a single code for the title of the contract notice.
Should the level of accuracy of the CPV be insufficient, then contracting authorities should refer to the division, group, class or category that better describes their intended purchase – a more general code that can be recognised because it has more zeros.